Tips About Building Computer Network At Home Or Small Office
At this time, the price of personal computer or laptop is going cheaper and cheaper. This will make us always want to purchase more personal computer to be used at home. Then, we want to make these computers to be interconnected and can share data using a computer network. But usually we don't have much information in computer networks. In this posting, I will show you how to set up a computer network.
Computer networks usually use a LAN wire for its transmission media. Before creating a computer network, we must always know about the LAN cable and how to use it.
The equipment needed to build a computer network are:
3G Modem to get Internet connection
A router that has at least four ports to share internet access and manage traffic
A switch, if you want to develop a bigger network. This switch can also be used to connect one computer to another computer
An access point, if you want to connect computers using wireless networks. Or you may also use an access point which could be linked directly to the internet modem
A firewall, if you wish to provide protection on your network.
NAT or Network Address Translation. This is used for sharing an Internet connection using the Linux operating system.
A DHCP program (typically available on the Linux operating system)
Networking Interface Card that is used by personal computers to connect to the network.
UTP cable that is used to connect computers to the switch or router
A UTP tester for testing UTP cable
Planning The Network
To create a network of computers which can function well then we need to create the design first. We must draw the rooms where computer network will be, the place of computers in the room, where the source of power and others.
Someone who starts using the wireless router commonly encounter the problem of configuring and correctly setting up the router. However, this had been made simple with simplified instructions.
The cable used in personal computer networks is UTP cable. These cables are easy to use and resist to interference. This cable serves to connect the computer to the switch. You can use UTP cable tester to test the cable before you use it to link computer and switch. Then we must enable DHCP program included in the modem. NAT services also have to be enabled so that client computer can access the internet. Then the modem must be set also using your internet connection account.
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Bandwidth on the switch or router port can be set based on the needs of each computer. For instance, router with 4 Ethernet ports may be divided into the following setting:
Port 1 has a bandwidth of 100M
Port 2,3,4 has a bandwidth of 50M
The cable you use should not exceed 100 m. If not, you will have a bad signal and slow data connection. Use cable tester UTP that you have prepared to determine the quality of cable you use.
TL-WDR3600 is a DUAL BAND router that supports 2. 4GHz and 5GHz with 600Mbps total of bandwidth which means you have two routers in one. It will support to those who have several users that stream a lot of HD movies at the same time, also to those office that have a small network.
To create a wireless network, you need to set your access point. The first thing you have to set is the name of the SSID setting. Then if you want security on your networking, you have to determine the WEP key or WPA key you will use. If necessary, you can hide the SSID. It is not visible by unknown computer in order to reduce security threats. If you do not do above procedures, then your internet connection can be used freely by your neighbors and hopefully will make your network slow.
Want to buy a wireless access point? This article summarized a few points you need to know to discover the finest wireless access point.
Network configuration will determine whether we build a functional network or not. Every computer on the network requires an IP address, IP Sub net mask, IP Gateway and DNS IP. While computer that is directly connected to the Internet will get the address from the ISP.
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